Mullet power: John Inzer deadlifts 780 lbs. at 165 lbs. bodyweight. (Photo: Powerlifting USA)
Pavel Tsatsouline, former Soviet Special Forces physical training instructor, has made a name for himself in the world of strength.
He wrote the below article, outlining the simple routine of Russian Master of Sports, Alexander Faleev, for Built magazine, which folded before publication. Pavel contacted me to publish the piece here, and I am pleased to offer it to you as an exclusive.
Though I often suggest training to failure for maximal size gains (see “Geek to Freak: How I Gained 34 lbs. in 4 Weeks”), the pre-failure approach detailed here is excellent for maximal strength development, and the repetitions can be further reduced for relative strength (per-lb. bodyweight) development.
Total read time: 12 minutes.
Read time for routine only: 7 minutes.
I have read a book that has made an impression: The 4-Hour Workweek by Timothy Ferriss.
The 4-Hour Workweek is not a dubious get-rich-quick scheme but a guide to ultimate productivity through ruthless elimination of non-essentials. “Doing less meaningless work, so that you can focus on things of greater personal importance, is NOT laziness,” states the author. “This is hard to accept, because our culture tends to reward personal sacrifice instead of personal productivity. Few people choose to (or are able to) measure the results of their actions and thus measure their contribution in time.”
It is no surprise that Russia has borne a number of Ferriss-type strength and muscle building programs, mercilessly eliminating the non-essentials and delivering extraordinary gains. One is Alexander Faleev’s system that has gained many followers among Russian muscle heads in the last four years.
Comrade Faleev dabbled with powerlifting for seven or eight years, then took a few years off. He poured over years of his training logs looking for what worked and came back to the barbell with a vengeance. In just six months, he reached the coveted Master of Sports level in powerlifting.
Faleev has summed up his approach as “Nothing extra!” In one sentence, it is about doing only four things: the squat, the bench, the deadlift, and competing regularly. That’s it.
The system the Russian had developed for his strength and size breakthrough could have come out of The 4-Hour Workweek. Among Tim Ferriss’ tools for getting the most out of life is Pareto’s law. The essence of the law is that 80% of all results come from 20% of the efforts. Applied to muscle and strength, it means, if most gains will come from the three powerlifts, why waste your time and energy on curls and close-grip benches?
Before I will move on to the nuts and bolts of the training regimen I will address your objections. I can read your mind: “But I am not a powerlifter, and I don’t want to look like one!”
The sport of powerlifting (PL) has an unfair image of refrigerator-sized men whose faces turn red from blood pressure when they bend over to tie their shoes — or rather try to bend over and get stopped by an enormous “uni-ab”. To say that all PLers look like that is akin to stating that all runners are thin and wiry.
Look at photos of powerlifters in lighter weight classes. They are as hard as a rock, and many are ripped — without curls and cable crossovers. Take Texan John Inzer who held the world record in the deadlift for years, 780 pounds at 165 pounds of bodyweight or Ukrainian Oleksandr Kutcher, who recently beat that record with 793 pounds. These guys look more like gymnasts than refrigerators.
Tim: Oleksandr Kutcher pulls a light 694 lbs. and then needs chamomile tea.
Faleev’s 80/20 Routine
5 x 5 Progression:
For beginners, Faleev offers a straightforward progressive overload workout with 5 sets of 8 reps. Eventually you are supposed to advance to 5 x 5. In my opinion, you should go straight to 5 x 5. Sets of five are the meat and potatoes of strength training.
Start with a conservative weight. If you manage five reps in all five sets, next time add 10 pounds and start over. Not 5 pounds, and definitely not 2, but 10. For reasons that are outside of the scope of this article, Malibu Ken and Barbie jumps with tiny plates are a waste of time.
Most likely you will not bag all the fives on your first workout with the new weight. Perhaps you will get 5, 5, 5, 4, 3. No problem, stay with the poundage until you get all 5×5. Your second workout might be 5, 5, 5, 5, 4, and your third of fourth should get you to 5 x 5. Slap on another pair of “nickels” (5-lb. plates) and work your way up to 5 x 5 again. According to Faleev, the above progression will add 110-175 pounds to your max in each of the three powerlifts in one year, provided you are fairly new to the game.
Deadlift 1x per week; Squat and Bench 2x per week
You will be deadlifting once a week and squatting and benching twice a week, once heavy and once light for the latter two. Your light days are for honing technique, not for burning out your muscles with high reps. Do 5 sets of 4 reps (5 x 4) with weights that are 80% of the heavy day’s. For instance, if you did 5 x 5 with 200 on your heavy day, stay with 160 for 5 x 4 on your light day. That’s it! The key to the program’s success is in doing less.
The Russian recommends the following schedule:
Monday –heavy squat (SQ)
Tuesday –heavy benchpress (BP)
Wednesday –heavy deadlift (DL)
Thursday – light SQ
Friday –light BP
If training five days is not an option, four will do:
Monday –heavy SQ
Tuesday –heavy BP
Wednesday –heavy DL
Friday – light SQ, light BP
Not ideal, but if you have to cram your training into three days:
Monday – heavy SQ
Wednesday –heavy BP, light SQ
Thursday – off
Friday – heavy DL, light BP
Saturday – off
Sunday – off
Failure and Rest Intervals
Never train to failure! Don’t attempt a rep unless you are 100% sure you will make it. Ideally, keep one extra rep in the bank. “Save your strength for the next set,” insists Faleev.
Don’t get greedy.
Practice one lift per workout, stretch, and get out. Faleev stresses that you must wrap up each strength workout with static stretches. “The benefits of stretching are enormous. Stretching can increase your strength by 10%. It is a lot.” The man explains that “when you lift a weight your muscles contract. And after the workout the muscles remain contracted for some time. The following restoration of the muscles’ length is what recovery is. Until the muscle has restored its length, it has not recovered. Hence he who does not stretch his muscles slows down the recuperation process and retards his gains.” Besides, tension and relaxation are the two sides of the same coin, “if the muscle forgets how to lengthen, it will contract more poorly. And that is stagnation of strength.”
Don’t rush your sets.
Do a couple warm-up sets if you must, then feel free to take 5 min. and even more between your work sets. Top power dogs take longer; 30 min. is not unheard of. Power loves rest and does not tolerate rushing. You may feel that you are completely recovered in 2 min. but take a full 5 anyway. According to Faleev, an hour is a good number to shoot for in your workout length.
Balanced Development: Biceps and Other Decorations
One common objection is: “But I will not get a balanced development if do only three exercises! What about my biceps and my…?!”
Faleev sticks to his guns: “For a sharp increase in muscle mass and [strength] results you must do only three exercises: the bench press, the squat, and the deadlift… when you deadlift a 550-pound barbell think what kind of a huge load is born by your biceps, shoulders, traps, and even neck… When you squat with a 550-pound barbell, think about the high pressure the athlete’s abdomen must withstand. An athlete lifting such weights cannot have weak abs by definition –the midsection is strengthened in the process of training the squat. If you bench 330, the muscles of your arms, chest, and the front delts will be so developed, than any bodybuilder will be envious. One must add an interesting detail–in the bench press it is very important to learn to use the lats when starting the bar off the chest. Perhaps someone will think of this as a paradox but the bench press develops the back as well, especially the lats.” Faleev states than the above numbers, a 550-pound squat and deadlift and a 330-pound bench, are “more than achievable” if you focus on these exercises and practice them for years.
And if you have not felt your abs when squatting, it only means you have not squatted heavy enough. “Bodybuilding is a strength sport. Don’t forget it,” admonishes Faleev.
The only legit reason for additional exercises is correction of a dysfunction or imbalance that puts your health at risk. An example would be a pronounced discrepancy in the hamstrings’ flexibility, your knees caving in when you land after a jump, or the failure to activate your butt muscles or “gluteal amnesia”. But diagnosis and correction of such problems is not something you can do on your own or even under the guidance or a personal trainer; you need a specially trained health professional. I suggest that you find one through Gray Cook’s website. Cook is the country’s premier sports physical therapist; in the last Super Bowl both teams were his clients. Get a tune-up from a professional on his team so you can safely focus on the basics and not do stupid things like extra leg curls “to balance out my quads”.
But back to our basics.
Faleev stresses that additional exercises are worse than worthless –- they are harmful because they drain valuable energy that your body could have directed towards spectacular gains in the big three. “…get rid of the excesses and just do what is necessary… When you give up the secondary exercises, you will feel that you are not training enough. You will be leaving the gym totally fresh. This is it, the energy for an increase in the load in the basic lifts. This reserve is what will enable you to ‘shoot out of the gate’!”
The above point cannot be emphasized enough; curls, calf raises, and other miscellaneous non-sense may not feel hard but they drain your adaptive energy!
The Fourth Element: Competition and Parkinson’s Law
Focus on the lifts that matter is half of Faleev’s power and muscle equation. Regularly competing in sanctioned power meets is the other half. Faleev observes that with a powerlifting meet date looming on the calendar, many an athlete have accomplished more in six months than others have in many years.
In The 4-Hour Workweek, Tim Ferriss echoes him when he makes use of the Parkinson’s law to get results faster.
According to this law, a task will take as much time as you will allot for it. In other words, you will shine under the pressure of an ambitious deadline. Applied to iron, it means compete, and often! You will be forced to focus on what matters — your squat, your bench, your deadlift –– rather than fool around with what former Coach Powerlifting Team USA Mark Reifkind calls “random acts of variety”. Subscribe to Powerlifting USA magazine on Amazon. Find a meet near you three months away, and go for it! Look for “raw” meets that require that you compete without special squat suits, bench shirts, etc. AAU is one of the federations that hosts raw meets.
As the meet approaches, cut back from 5 x 5 to 4 x 4, 3 x 3, and finally, a couple of weeks before the competition, 2 x 2. Up the poundages accordingly. After the meet, take a week off, then start over with 5 x 5.
Faleev stresses that maxing in the gym is dangerous. Maxing out tests your strength but does not build it. A max workout in the gym amounts to missing a productive 5 x 5 day that you will never get back.
Tim: 5 x 5 isn’t just for beginners: Johnnie Jackson, one of the few champions in both powerlifting and bodybuilding, demonstrates the deadlift. I suggest not slamming the plates. Touch the plates to the floor as if a baby were sleeping in the room.
Faleev offers a formula that will help you estimate your max from your 5 x 5: multiply that weight by 1.2. This is not exact science, but it is much better than those ridiculous charts that claim to calculate your 1 rep max (1RM) from your 10RM.
Just decide what you want: The process of enjoying the pump, the burn, and the variety of exercises? Or muscles and power?
Faleev’s secret of success is so simple, it is easy to ignore: practice nothing but the powerlifts and compete regularly. Period. The Russian muscle man walks into the gym, trains one lift, spends a few minutes stretching, and hits the showers. Done!
Since he dropped all the assistance exercises his progress has been nothing but spectacular. Ironically, his gym buddies who sweat for hours wasting time on meaningless exercises consider him a slacker. He does not care, the wily Russkie has the last laugh with his strength and his mass.
# # #
About the author:
Pavel Tsatsouline is a former Soviet Special Forces physical training instructor, currently a subject matter expert to the US Secret Service, the US Marine Corps, and the US Navy SEALs. Pavel’s bestselling book Power to the People!: Russian Strength Training Secrets has been published in the US and Russia.
In real-time: Follow Tim and his experimentation with Pavel’s methods here.
The Tim Ferriss Show is one of the most popular podcasts in the world with more than 900 million downloads. It has been selected for "Best of Apple Podcasts" three times, it is often the #1 interview podcast across all of Apple Podcasts, and it's been ranked #1 out of 400,000+ podcasts on many occasions. To listen to any of the past episodes for free, check out this page.
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912 Replies to “Pavel: 80/20 Powerlifting and How to Add 110+ Pounds to Your Lifts”
Great article and really convincing,I personally don’t think there’s a need for assistance exercises,this is simple and effective just the way I like it.
I’d only throw in a 5×5 weighted pull ups and Dips though cause really these are fun and worthwhile.
Is it ok for me to workout twice a week,like this?
Tuesday:Heavy squats and bench press + 5×5 pull ups,
Friday:Heavy Deadlifts + 5×5 Dips
I am not sure where you are getting your info, but great
topic. I needs to spend some time learning much more or understanding more.
Thanks for wonderful info I was looking for this info for my mission.
I have done this exactn program for one month now.
I gained 130 lbs on squats.
50 lbs on dead lifts and 40 lbs on bench press.
I feel stronger by far and do not leave the gym exhausted.
It’s easier than doing full body workouts and I am out of the gym in 30 minutes.
First week was hard and left me without energy Saturday.
4th week I am looking much stronger and I am way more powerful on each lift.
I will add pullups starting next monday because this program has no pulling that uses range of motion.
I am 52 years old and was paralyzed at age 29 in a work accident.
23 years later I started this powerlifting routine and am getting strong again
I have two simple questions. What weight should I use to begin the 5 x 5 program? Do I begin in the 60 – 70% rang, or do I test my strength with a 5 x 5 workout to determine what weight I should use? My second question is, I also want to use a 5 x 5 program to increase my strength in the Olympic press. How should I schedule my workouts so as to not have my presses retard my progress in the bench and vis-versa?
I love this program!! My squat already boosted up from 315 to 350 for 2 reps , deadlift 250 and now 315 for 2 reps , bench 185 now 210 for my 5×5 ! Loving it if you haven’t tried this start now won’t regret it at all ! Quick question lets say I’m doing my chest and after I completed my sets and reps can I do other chest exercises? Like dumbbell fly’s to hit the middle chest or whatever it hits ??? Or would that be bodybuilding?
eric its awesome the lifts are working, but shouldn’t you do exactly what it says? something pavel recommends for bodybuilding is posing. you dont have to get in the mirror because you dont need one. some extra definition and size can come directly from flexing your chest, back, stomach etc. do it now for 5 seconds and see what you think. i started flexing my hands and now they explode. all the bones crack when i clench my fist. it takes about 6 weeks of clenching your hands at maximum capacity to crack all your bones. its my favorite parlor trick!! don’t hold for a long time. 5 seconds is even a bit much. you can practice on the subway, in bed, sitting down, ANYWHERE. it’s even normal because people won’t be able to tell you’re training. ask any bodybuilder if posing is needed for training. well, whats posing? its FLEXING.
bench is now 315 😉 i do 285 for my 2 sets of 2 reps and 245 for my 5×5 ive made some gains and thanks i decided to follow the program and really worked out perfect
still using this program today
this was an unbelievable article and very funny. the end was hilarious. one lift, stretch, hit the shower, and leave. what an awesome article. this article means that im going to be a great powerlifter. im gonna go eat some meat guys. holy shit. thank god for this sport.
Well I guess Boris Sheiko and Louie Simmons and all the other top trainers in the world are wrong
I have question about doing concurrent cardio with this plan and still getting maximal strength, by doing 15 min. a day of stationary bike after the workout or less if advised, this is the cardio i read up on, http://www.schwarzenegger.com/fitness/post/best-damn-cardio-humanly-possible-in-15-minutes
please tell me if this would be adviseable with the 80/20 plan to build maximal strength and burn fat as well,
Thank you in advanced,
I can only go to the gym on tue, thrs, and sun. But on sunday the free weights are limited to 20 kilo dumbells being the heaviest. The best solution I came up with was to alternate sq and deadlift from week to week doing bench press on thrsday, then doing pullups and chin ups to make for missing my light benchday with forward and backlunges to make up for the miss squat or deadlift
So would this be a better protocol to follow? What I’m asking I guess is whether doing this with some high intensity interval training, yoga and following the slow carb diet is superior to anything else that I’ve seen on here. Opinions? Advice?
Pavel, what should I do about light days of 4×4, 3×3 and 2×2 weeks before the meet?
(%, sets and reps numbers)
Is there a progression scheme for the Barry Ross Superhuman protocol workout in the book? I see no program length or progression method.
excellent stuff, I’ve been lifting for many years and always find new and better ways like the progressive training in the article, thanks for posting
Great article with a lot of detail. I am going to try this along with the Smolov jr squat routine. Best get back to the gym
So I have been doing this 80/20 for about two years since it was introduced to me in the military. I just wanted to know if there is another level to this program since this is considered the beginning stage of 5X5’s.
but doesn’t he say do 2X5 of DL’s and side press each day for 5 days? Now it’s 5X5 ..???
“Power to the People”
My understanding was PTTP is about getting stronger without putting on muscle mass. PL and 4-6,000 calories will increase your muscle mass and weight.
Thank you for the great article Pavel. After listening to the podcast with him I had to look up what he said on your blog. I have been wanting to simply get stronger for a long time and it has really been a mystery to me. I know that spending a lot of time in the gym and lifting a lot of weight will make me stronger but I simply don’t want to dedicate the time to it (seems lazy but I think it is simply unproductive).
I will implement these now. I am also training for a half marathon in a couple of months so concentrating on bench, squat, and dead lift seem very manageable.
I do have a question. I am a football referee and keeping my cardiovascular fitness level is very important to me. That is why I am training for a half marathon, it gives me a reason to run. Will running conflict with my strength gain or will it complement my cardiovascular endurance?
Thank you for the info.
is one only supposed to do the lifts mentioned above on training days with no aux exercises ?
Congratulations on having 1 of the most sophisticated blogs I’ve come throughout in some time! Its just incredible how much you can take away from something simply because of how visually beautiful it’s! You’ve put with each other a great blog space –great graphics, videos, layout. This is absolutely a must-see weblog!
Hey, I got 130 for 5×5 then I added 10lbs and only got 5×2 can you help me break this plateau? This has been happening for 2 weeks on bench press
Try backing back to 130 for a session then increase after successful 5×5… Also, check your calories; should be aiming for 4,000-6,000 Cals a day while on a powerlifting progression..
Is that right? Such a high amount of calories is required?
Hey, great article! But I like to know for the light SQ and BP, will it still be 5 sets of 5 reps?
It states in the article, for the light days, you do 5 sets of 4 reps at 80% of the weight of the heavy days.
Great article Tim!
Just a note though, reading the prescribed training methodology and attitude to accessory work was giving me distinct déjà Vu of reading Mark Rippetoe’s “Starting Strength”..
Who came first – Pavel or Ripp?
Great article Tim, the first time I’ve properly checked your blog out after reading 4 Hour Body. As someone still relatively new to fitness this is really interesting to me, and I might try out a similar routine over the summer.
Really like the article and the idea behind it, the simplicity of it.
Just finished 5th day of week 2 today. Going well so far, long may it continue. Thanks Tim and Pavel.
I’m going to try implementing Faleev’s schedule and see how it works. I’ve been looking for a way to hit the lifts multiple times per week without overloading and I think his formula is sound, I’ll report back with my results!
Tim, Thanks for a great post.
How do you calculate both 80% results and 20% effort in the 80/20 rule with respect to any of your endeavors?
P.T.T.P. you say deadlift and bent press 5 X weeks 2 sets of 5.
But then you say only D.L. 1-2X per week…
Which is it ?
if i do sets of 3 i can lift much more than sets of 5. Obviously the more reps you do the lighter the weight has to be.
So why sets of 5 instead of say 3X3’s?
One of the greatest finds
I’ve heard bench press is terrible for the shoulders. What’s the proper way to do it?
This is what I’ve been doing, based on what I remember Tim and others have said:
1. A little bit of decline on the bench, such as a rolled up towel under the lower back. I use a stack of plates under the end of the bench.
2. Pull your shoulders back and down; something about locking them. There’s a section in 4HB.
Super awesome article!
I’ve started this programm about 3 months ago, here are my achievements:
Before: Bench 65kg
After: Bench 85kg
I’m wondering about adding HIIT Training to get leaner, some people say it fits, some say it will fuck up my process.
I’ve been doing HIIT 3 months this year standalone and i lost my weight easily.
Also I’m trying to follow Carb Backloading.
What do you think @Pavel and @Tim?
You mentioned above that as you get closer to the meet, lower the reps and sets: 4×4, 3×3,2×2, etc.. When you say “up the poundages accordingly,” should you add 10lbs. every time you decrease in sets and reps?
Every time I reached 5×5 I added ~10lbs (=5kg)
For example: Squat 85kg was 5+5+5+4+3 first time, second time I got the 5×5 down so the next training session i increased for 10lbs.
I didnt get the 5×5 down 3 times for 95kg so the fourth time I decided to try 100kg 4×4 and I made it. I decrease the 5×5 to 4×4 when I felt i couldnt proceed fast enough with 5×5 in weight gains.
You usually decrease it in a rythm that makes u go 5×1 a short time before competition, so you should get good weight gains in the time you got before the competition.
I hope u get what I mean, I’m german. 😀
Hey Tim, how does the 5×5 routine combine with endurance/intervals training such as rowing, cross-country skiing and running – can I do both the heavy lifts and one of the above in the same session?
I just wanted to confirm something on Wednesday’s deadlift…
Is it 1×5 work set? 5×5 work sets (same weight), or 5×5 Ramped work sets?
Id like to start out with the 5×8 sets and reps like it says, so when exactly should i advance to 5×5?
Pavel, Tim (if you guys even respond to this post anymore) I have a question. My current routine involves Deadlift, Jerk from Rack, and Bench Press. Bench Press tends to irritate my shoulder and require very frequent de-loading/abstinence. In Deadlift I seem to respond best to low reps for one set or two to five singles never failing to eventually trow my back out if I go for five by five or something similar. I was always best with olympic lifting but find myself unable to descend in the clean or jerk more than a quarter squat since a program I did at age 22 involving the full range competitive lifts-I am 34 (hence my reliance on only jerks from the rack). I jerk 3 days a week DL twice, and Bench more or less ‘when I can get away with it’ after jerks. I was wondering if specializing on Jerks alone would be a viable option for me. I always felt pressing to be necessary for proper upper body development although it has always been by far my worst lift. I enjoy heavy Deadlifting but hypothesize that the spinal erectors and low back get sufficient work in the Jerk, unlike bench press, so wonder if it is necessary or might interfere with maximizing my jerk if trained hard (and also if relevant whatsoever if not trained hard). I have heard of many lifters who specialize in Bench, Dl, or full range olympic lifts but have never heard of anyone doing nothing but jerks…
What is the correct protocol for when you plateau? My deadlift and squat have been steadily increasing but for the bench press, I’ve been stuck at the same weight for a few weeks, without making any progress in terms of repetitions (I’m still not at 5*5). What’s the best way to address this?
How much should you rest between sets on your light days?
When coming to the strength day of the squat, and feeling the effects from deadlifting, should you postpone the squat day to a further day when well rested? Or continue at a lighter weight?
I want to increase my vertical jump from 25 inches to 40 inches. I want to.become a pro basketball player.
Im doing pttp. Will i reach my goal in jump increase without squats.
Right now im doing pttp 5 days, twice per week 100 foot contacts plyometrics, twice per week sprint (
Increased deadlift from 310lb to 405lb June to December from this protocol.
I’m curious…Can I on the light bench days do pause reps with the 5×4 to help better my strength gains ?
I’m not saying it’s better than what you did…You the king bro…But is my suggestion good to try or should I just stick to what you said
Any recommendations on how to modify this while still keeping 80/20 principles for a female who doesn’t want big thighs/quads?
I recommend starting from the first post in this thread and reading. Pavel covers your question with a few people. Following this 5×5 cycle will not make you huge but will make you strong.
Pavel is Faleev’s program compatible with sports like Ice Hockey and Indoor (Box) lacrosse?
Not is you want to get the most out of the program. if you read through the thread he covers this question many times.
Question: Can this program be combined with training BJJ 3 times per week? I am finding that I am tired in sparring after a weekend of squats and benchpress…
Pavel I hope you could still respond. I know it’s been a long time since this was published. I’m an old Army guy. Late 40s. I really want to get better in my BJJ. Train it twice a week. I feel I should stop lifting so much. Nagging little injuries. I think maybe swings and getups should be it. But every time I get crushed by a stronger guy I sort of go back to maybe I just need to get stronger on the power Lifts.
ive been reading a bit about eccentric vs concentric contraction. i was wondering if anyone has any specific recommendations on the “downward” half of these lifts. for example, should you try to lower on the bench and squat slowly? should you lower slowly on deadlift rather than essentially drop the bar? and comment on this issue of speed of the different parts of the lift? thanks.
Thanks for sharing Tim, can’t wait to break my 107kg dead lift max.
Thank you so much for this article! Just wondering if I should cut out the kettle bell swings at the end of my workout? Will this be overtraining?
I love Pavel’s writings and the material always seems to be just what I need to hear.
Very insightful blog. Thanks Tim and Pavel.
So happy to see you guys together.
Has anyone done this with kettlebell and/or pull up work?